What is corticosteroid? It is a kind of drug that is being used in case of the cancer patients in order to reduce the growth of tumors, treat skin rashes and also to stimulate the appetite while decreasing nausea and vomiting, inflammation, allergic reactions, autoimmune diseases and accumulation of fluid in the brain.
This kind of drug comes in different ways including corticosteroid creams and they have a broad range of use in cancer treatment, including the treatment of rashes caused by radiation treatment.
Some of these products are known to be used for treating adult leukemia, acute childhood leukemia, adult lymphomas, advanced prostate cancer and also multiple myeloma.
Corticosteroids are also known to be used for reducing swelling, especially in the brain and the spinal column, improving the appetite and reducing nausea and vomiting.
The interesting thing about corticosteroid is that it occurs naturally in the body. It is produced by the cortex of the adrenal glands. This is a small pair of glands, about the size of peas found in the lower back, just above the kidney.
Some of the corticosteroids are used to regulate the fluid balance of the body. Others have an effect on the fat and sugar usage. Also they are related to estrogen and testosterone, the sex hormones.
Pharmaceutical companies have been producing different kinds of corticosteroids artificially to be used as drugs. Besides the corticosteroid creams that have been mentioned before, the drug can also be administered like tablets, liquids or intravenously.
A lot of people might already know about hydrocortisone that is a corticosteroid that can be found in over-the-counter creams.
The most common kinds of drugs used in cancer treatment include dexamethasone, methylprednisolone, cortisone, prednisolone, prednisone, hydrocortisone, and betamethasone. The drugs that come with these ingredients have numerous different trade names.
As it has been mentioned, corticosteroid comes in different forms, and since it is used for a variety of different purposes, there is no standard recommended dose. The dosage is individualized according to the kind of cancer, the body weight of the patient, the overall health, the other drugs that have been prescribed, the goal of the treatment and also the way that the cancer of the patient responds to the drug.
One thing that you should remember regarding the creams containing the drug is that it should be stored away from the heat.
Those people who are taking these kinds of drugs should remember that they need to reduce their water retention and this is why they should have a diet that is low on salt and high on potassium. The calorie intake should also be monitored unless the drug has been given to increase the appetite.
Those people who are taking large doses of the drug are more susceptible to infection and they should try to avoid getting in a crowd or to have contact with sick individuals. In case the patient has been exposed to chicken pox or measles, he or she should seek immediate medical attention while taking corticosteroid.