Having a flawless and healthy skin is the desire of every one and it can be achieved easily with skin peels, also known as facial peels.
A skin peel is a procedure meant to peel off the skin’s upper layer of old, dead skin cells to let the new young skin cells set on the surface.
Skin peels is beneficial for those individuals with acne, acne scarring, wrinkles [Tips to avoid wrinkles], fine lines, blemishes [Causes of blemishes], age spots, skin decolonization, excess oil production, sun burns, blackheads [Removing blackheads], skin patches, and other age-related skin problems.
Usually the solutions of skin peel treatment include alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), beta hydroxy acid (BHA), tricholoracetic acid (TCA), or phenol as their exfoliating agent.
Each of these skin peel solutions varies depending on the ingredients and their intensity. However, the effect of skin peels depends on the depth of peeling on the skin. The depth of the peeling can range from superficial peel to a medium or deep peel.
The types of skin peels
Superficial Peel: Also known as light or micro skin peel. It is the most popular and widely used skin peel treatment procedure. It is very simple to perform and takes much less time.
The procedure usually involves cleansing the face, applying the skin peel solution on the face and allowing it to dry for about ten minutes. The peel is then rinsed thoroughly. The skin may look pink and exhibit pale stains or spots, which do lighten within a few hours.
This procedure may cause mild tingling sensation, but peels off the top layer of the skin cells and exfoliate the skin lightly to provide healthy skin. There are no side-effects associated with the procedure.
However, in some rare cases, the procedure can develop a new skin with extreme pigments. This can turn to hyper pigmentation where the patches appear dark in sunlight. You can control the high-pigmentation problem with a proper care using good-quality sunscreen lotions all the time.
Medium Depth Peel: The procedure also involves skin cleansing, applying the skin peel evenly, but allows the skin peel solution to penetrate into the skin even more so as to diminish the wrinkles and acne scars to some extent, and to enhance the skin color, tone and texture.
After removing the solution, the area becomes whitish grey over more than a few minutes because of acid in the peel. This is counteracted by applying cool saline compressors. On the other hand, with the application of peel solution, the face may swell and cause burning sensation for 30-60 minutes after the treatment. Recovery depends on the age.
This procedure needs repeated sittings every month until you get the desired effects. Afterwards, peeling is required for every 6-12 months.
Deep Peels: The procedure is very rarely preferred because it penetrates deeply into the lower layers of the skin to reduce the deeper wrinkles, fine lines and scars.
The procedure is basically done under the general anesthesia where it is injected into the skin to freeze the face. This sometimes can make you sedated. The procedure then involves skin cleansing, applying a strong peeling agent and allowing it for about half-an-hour before it is neutralized.
The procedure follows a feeling of sickness, severe pain for quite a few days. During the recovery days, itchiness can develop for about two weeks prior to the complete recovery.