Almost every teenager gets acne – in some its excessive and intolerable while others might have it sporadically. When the skin pores get clogged with the oily sebum and dirt, acne occurs. Teenage acne is very commonly seen on face, back, neck, chest and also shoulders. It is surely not a dangerous health risk, but it can deteriorate your looks and leave behind scars on the areas that take years to fade out.
Since your appearance is getting affected, you might also suffer from low self esteem and embarrassment. However, there is nothing to be depressed as puberty age and pimples go hand in hand. Some teenagers suffer more while some less. Here is a brief knowhow all about teenage acne so that you can understand it better and follow the steps to avoid them.
Acne can appear in different forms; they are as follows –
these are common types that appear as black bumps on the pores; the dirt material pushes out from the follicles. However the black colour is necessarily not dirt, it can be due to dead cells, bacteria, or the material that turned black in reaction to oxygen.
These are like white dots that are formed on the pores clogged with oil. Here again the colour is due to the bacteria.
Papules, Nodules, or Pustules
There are a bit serious kind of pimples that appear red and swollen and gets inflamed and infected. The tissues around also get inflamed and the clogged follicles are very painful and hard.
These are deep rooted pimple kind of growths (usually on organs); they are pus filled and needs to be operated.
Causes of Teenage Acne
It is often seen that some people are more prone to acne while some are not. The exact cause of acne varies with individual; however in majority it is the hormones! Hormones known as androgens increases during puberty; this leads to larger oil glands on skin; excreting more sebum. These hormones also increase when you get pregnant or suddenly stop taking birth control pills. However, gene is also a cause for pimples.
Certain medication leads to pimple outburst like epilepsy, prednisone, and lithium medicines. Teenager is the time when girls especially get tempted towards cosmetics; the ones having oil base can lead to acne. Water based cosmetics are safer. Harsh scrubbing, excessive facials, pricking or squeezing, constant friction, and stress also cause acne. During adolescent period; when girls start their menstrual cycle the hormone level starts changing; pimples start showing up from two to seven days before the cycle.
Treating Teenage Acne
If you are not prone to acne and have it only 1 -2 occasionally; don’t go for any medication but just keep your skin clean and use a gel made for oily and sensitive skin. But if your face and other parts of the body is filled up with these ugly eruptions, do visit a dermatologist to get the right medical treatment. Here are some treatment options for teenage acne –
Over the Counter Topical Treatments
These medicines are to be applied on the pimples and not to be eaten. They usually contain benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and sulphur and available in various forms like creams, lotions, gels, pads and soaps, and pads. It will take around a month to show effects but if used regularly will fade out your pimples.
Dermatologists recommend ointments and medicines for pimples that include antibiotics, benzoyl peroxide, tretinoin, adapalene, tazarotene, dapsone, and azelaic acid.
Herbal Medicine for Acne
Garlic, aloe vera, amaranth, neem, and lemon are the most common herbs that treat teenage acne magically and also fade away the scars within few weeks. If used regularly it will also prevent the outburst.
Tips to Prevent Teenage Acne
- Do not use any harsh soap, chemicals, scrubbers or oily moisturisers on an acne prone skin. Be very careful while you select cosmetics; minimum usage would be the best. Go for water based ones.
- Clean your face twice a day, too much of cleaning triggers the skin.
- Do not squeeze or prick pimples – they will leave permanent marks.
- Drink lots of water and keep your body free of toxins.
- Practice yoga and aerobic exercises to stay stress free.