Acne is one of the most irritating problems which every teen faces atleast once. Teenage acne can be embarrassing, persistent and may be difficult to treat. Acne is a skin condition that happens when an oily substance which is called sebum clogs the pores.
Acne or teenage acne is usually associated with pimples that pop up mostly on the face but can also appear on the neck, back, chest and shoulders as well.
While it may not be a serious health risk or condition, teenage acne can make some teenagers lose confidence of facing others, especially in the case of boys. Severe acne can also cause scars and may damage self-esteem. The following is some more information about teenage acne.
The acne which affects teenagers and some others may appear to be in the following forms:
- Blackheads-black heads may appear on the forehead, the nose, the chin and even on the cheeks. The black color is not dirt but is dead skin cells or bacteria which clogs in and appears dark in color.
- Whiteheads-these are white dots which are filled with oil and skin which is covered with layers and layers of skin.
- Papules, pustules and nodules-these are more serious types of acne which appear red and make be swollen due to the inflammation of the tissue. These may be painful and may feel hard.
- Cysts-cysts are the most serious types of acne which are often filled with pus.
Causes of Acne Among Teenagers
There are many causes of acne among teenagers. The following are a few of them:
- Hormones called androgens may play a role in causing acne. These hormones become active when one reaches the age of puberty of enter the teenage years. These hormones are released both in men and women and these make the skin oil glands larger in size.
- Genetics may too play a role in causing acne. If your parents or grandparents had acne, then chances are that you too may suffer from it.
- Many medications too are responsible for causing acne both in teenagers as well as adults.
- Using certain cosmetic products may also be responsible for causing the problem of acne. Those cosmetics that may have certain greasy elements can clog the pores and this may lead to pimples or blackheads. Water based products are less likely to cause this issue.
Treatment of Acne
- Nonprescription topical treatment-there are many over the counter products present in the market which can help combat acne or reduce spots caused by them.
- Prescription topical treatment-you can contact a dermatologist and get prescription for your acne condition. He/she may prescribe antibiotics, benzoyl peroxide and other such treatment.
- Prescription oral treatment-apart from topical treatment, certain prescribed oral treatment too may help get rid of acne. These are mainly used to treat severe cases of acne and help by curbing the growth of bacteria. This treatment must not be opted for unless prescribed by an experienced dermatologist.