Wart is a skin infection caused by a virus called human pappillomavirus (HPV), a group of viruses that includes more than hundred different strains.
The HPV virus generally attacks the cells in the upper layer of the skin and appears as bumps or growths on the skin.
Destroying the warts is possible with warts treatment. The warts treatment usually prevents the warts from spreading to other parts of the body as well as to others.
Warts can be treated in several different ways. However, it depends on the type of the warts, the age of the patient, and patient’s preference.
The strains of HPV virus cause various types of warts. The main types of warts are common warts, plantar wart, flat warts, and genital warts. The warts are highly contagious and can pass easily from person to person through sexual contacts and any type of skin-to-skin contact.
Common warts are usually harmless. These are rigid and appear as light gray, yellow, or brown growths on the skin and may occur anywhere on the body. The most common warts treatment for children is Cantharone, as it is most tolerable.
Liquid nitrogen cryotherapy is the most common preferable wart treatment for destroying warts. However, patients who can tolerate the pain mostly prefer it.
In this method, the warts are frozen with liquid nitrogen where the warts and the nitrogen-applied area become dead and fall off.
Removal of these warts may remain scars on the area. However, the use of pulse dye laser or Co2 laser can resist scars. The other warts treatment options to remove or destroy warts include keratolysis, laser treatment, surgery and herbal warts treatment.
Flat warts are flat, pinkish growths that mostly occur on face, arms, backs of hands and legs. The flat warts mostly need no treatment, as the warts disappear on its own.
On the other hand, a light liquid nitrogen cryotherapy is used to remove or destroy the warts. The other common warts treatment options include laser surgery, cauterization, and medications.
Plantar warts are non-cancerous hyperkeratotic lesions on the plantar or bottom surface of the feet. The most common warts treatment options for plantar warts include cryotherapy, duct tape, cantharidin and salicylic acid. These treatment options may use as single or in a combination.
However, if the plantar warts don’t respond to these treatments, the other suggested treatment options include: laser surgery, immunotherapy, imiquimod, and several other medications.
Genital warts are highly contagious warts type. It mostly appears as single or multiple growths on genitals. The warts can be small or large. The warts treatment for small warts includes podofilox (condylox), imiquimod and trichloracetic acid (TCA).
Never treat these warts with OTC (over-the-counter) medications, as these can cause even more pain and irritation. It is always recommended to use only doctor prescribed medications to treat genital warts.
On the other hand, the genital warts [Symptoms of Genital Warts] that are large in size and difficult to remove will be treated through laser surgery, cryosurgery, electrocautery, and other surgical methods.