Freckles have been problematic for people with light skin since before the days of Shirley Temple, and while they are not harmful, the small flat circle shaped discolored objects still exist as a rather large collection of beauty marks.
Freckles are actually melanin that are brought out stronger after exposure to sunlight and may be red, yellow, light brown, brown, or tan depending on your natural skin color.
It is more common among those who have fair skin and those who are blonde or red headed, they appear on both men and woman equally.
Freckles are often noticed mostly on the face, but they can also be found in various other body parts such as arms, shoulders, legs, and other areas of the body that receive moderate sun exposure.
They are not as common on adults as in children between the ages of 5 to 15 years old although some adults who had a lot of freckles during their youth will continue to see freckle outbreaks as a result of excessive exposure to sun.
Freckles come in one or two varieties, lentigines or ephelides. Of the two, ephelides are usually less noticeable since they are small flat red or light brown spots that come out in force during the summer months but then disappear during winter.
Lentigines on the other hand are much darker and can be tan, brown, or even black spots that stay on the body year round.
As mentioned several times, overexposure to the sun is the number one reason why most people develop freckles, but there are several other causes as well.
Commonly freckles are genetic so if your parents have them you will as well and there is a significant chances that your children will inherit a speckling of freckles as well.
Hormone abnormalities and a lack of melanin due to fair skin are also other reasons why people may have freckles.
If you have freckles there is not a whole lot you can do, but there are a few forms of cosmetic surgery that may make your freckles less noticeable.
Many people use bleaching creams for example to help lighten freckles so they can be hidden by makeup easier. Others who strive for a freckle free face find that Tretinoin which contains a mixture of Retin-A and Vitamin-A is also a fine cream for reducing the appearance of freckles.
For those who want to reduce the appearance of very dark freckles there are also several cosmetic surgery options that you may want to try such as cyrosurgery– in which liquid nitrogen is used to freeze them off, Intense Pulsed Light Therapy- in which the light provides energy to the topical layers of the skin to rejuvenate skin from sun damage, and laser treatment- which is similar to cryosurgery but utilizes laser light instead.