Immune system disorders in children are caused by low or high activity of the immune system. If the immune system is too active, it could attack the healthy cells of the body while if it isn’t active enough, the child can be affected by infections.
Allergies appear if the immune system is too active and it attacks non-threatening substances. If the child gets in contact with such a substance, the body will produce chemicals, like histamine.
This is known as an allergic reaction that involves breathing problems, rash, nasal congestion, eye irritation, vomiting and nausea.
Just as in the previous case of immune system problems in children, asthma is caused by an overactive immune system.
The children with asthma have periodic episodes that make it difficult for them to breathe. It is also possible for the problem to be doubled by an inflammation of the airways.
When thinking about the immune system disorders in children you should know that in this case the body produces antibodies meant to attack the lining of the joints. As a result the joints will get inflamed and swollen, leading to pain. If the problem isn’t treated, it might lead to permanent damage.
This one of the problems of the immune system in children will determine the body to produce antibodies that will attack different tissues in the body. Usually the condition affects the lungs, joints, nerves, blood vessels, and kidneys. Treatment is done through oral prednisone.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
This condition affects the intestines leading to rectal bleeding, diarrhea, abdominal pain, urgent bowel movements, fever, pain in the abdomen, and weight loss. In order to treat the condition children need immune suppressing medication.
As a result of this problem, the immune system attacks the nerves which lead to blindness, pain, poor coordination, or muscle spasms. In order to treat multiple sclerosis there is need to use medication that suppresses the immune system.
There are a lot of different kinds of immune system disorders in children that your child could have. To minimize the damage done by them it is important to recognize the problem as soon as possible and to take measures to keep the condition under control.