Eczema (dermatitis) is a generic name for inflammatory condition of the skin.
Eczema can occur both in adults as well as children.
Eczema is characterized by itchiness with red and dry patches over the skin as well as blistering and oozing. What exactly eczema cause by is still unknown.
There are various types of eczema, which include allergic eczema, atopic eczema, hand eczema, discoid eczema, infantile eczema, nummular eczema, seborrheic eczema, stasis eczema, tropical eczema, xerotic eczema, dyshidriotic eczema, baby eczema, etc.
Although there are different types of eczema, all eczema types cause itch, except seborrheic eczema.
There are some common symptoms of eczema, which can help treating in early stages. Itching of the skin is the first symptom and this itching can vary from tingling sensation to painful itching. Redness with dry and flaky skin is another symptom of eczema, which later becomes itchy.
Adults usually have raised and thick brown patches of eczema, which slowly heals, but forms a scar on the affected area.
There are some things that can trigger eczema. The most common eczema cause is allergic over-sensitivity. Rubbing, overheating or sweating, wool or scratchy fabrics, harsh detergents or soaps, etc can also cause eczema.
It is well known that stress can be the eczema cause since stress decreases the function of immune system, which in turn affects the skin healing levels.
Weather is another eczema cause, which will make your skin irritated. For example, hot and humid conditions, dry weather conditions, and cold weather condition can sometimes trigger the eczema.
Allergens such as pets, pollens, dust mites, and molds are the common causes of eczema.
Sometimes certain foods may be the eczema cause although it will purely depend on the individual’s sensitivity to that particular food.
Some irritants that come in contact with the skin such as cigarette smoke, certain chemicals, pollution, make-ups, etc can sometimes trigger the eczema.
There are a variety of eczema treatments available, both natural and medical. The most essential treatment is moisturizers or eczema creams, which reduces or prevents the inflammation of the skin.
Oral antihistamines and phototherapy (exposing the skin to light) can also be used to treat eczema.
Avoiding diet that you are sensitive to, vitamin B12 supplements, evening primrose oil, and zinc supplements are some of the natural treatments that help in treating the eczema.
The treatment for eczema will completely depend on the type of eczema and the cause of eczema. It is better to prevent eczema to form for the first time by avoiding eczema causes that are mentioned above.
You can prevent eczema by applying moisturizer on your skin regularly. Moisturizer helps to prevent your skin from becoming dry. Also, use soaps that are chemical free and unscented. Reduce the stress and anxiety, which are eczema causes, in order to avoid eczema to flare-up.
Use either prescription or over-the-counter eczema cream to help reduce eczema. If you know the exact eczema cause, it is important to take correct diagnosis from the physician.