Now a days itchy skin rash has become one of the most common problems where some are simple and the other may be life threatening.
An area of inflamed and irritated skin is called rash. Itching, swelling, and redness are the characteristics of rash.
It is also important to know that the chemicals and ingredients that are used in skin care products can sometimes be the source of itchy skin rash.
There are different forms of dermatitis that cause itchy skin rash. The most common form of dermatitis is atopic dermatitis.
Atopic dermatitis (atopic eczema) is characterized by distinctive phenomena of atopy (hypersensitivity to environmental allergens) including infantile and flexural eczema.
This affects 10-15 percent of children, but improves later in the childhood. This is hereditary as genetics play a major role in this type of dermatitis, for example asthma.
Contact dermatitis is another form of dermatitis. Contact dermatitis is a localized skin rash, resulting from exposure to some irritating substances or allergens. Depending on the skin exposure, it is classified as irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a scaly macular eruption, which occurs mainly on the face, scalp, behind the ears, and in the other areas of increased sebaceous gland secretion. This seborrheic dermatitis is characterized by waxy scales and reddened skin.
Hand eczema is limited to hands only. This occurs because of exposure to strong detergents or frequent washing. Sometimes hand eczema is also caused by latex.
Asteatotic eczema is an eczema that dries the skin and causes fine cracks on the skin. This usually affects the lower extremities where the oil glands are few. This eczema usually occurs during winter months.
Dermatitis herpetiformis also causes itchy skin rash that usually affect the outer aspects of the elbows and knees, across the shoulders, and the buttocks. If the rash is mild, it is limited to the affected area and if the rash is severe enough then it is widespread.
Nummular eczema is characterized by discrete coin-shaped patches, which can affect at any age, but most commonly seen after 60 years. The cause of this is unknown.
Stasis dermatitis is dermatitis with itchy skin rash that usually affects the lower extremities (calves, ankles, feet) in the people who has poor blood circulation in the legs. This is characterized by leg swelling, skin redness, weeping sores, red bumps, etc.
Lichen simplex chronicus is a form of dermatitis, which is caused by repeat scratching or rubbing of the skin in one location.
The itchy skin rash that occurs in infants or toddlers is diaper dermatitis. There are other types of skin rashes that can affect the infant during the first few weeks of life. Impetigo, scarlet fever, miliaria rubra, etc are some of the skin diseases seen in young children.
It is better to try natural remedies for itchy skin rashes. Also, it is important to see doctor for appropriate diagnosis.