Skin infection refers to the disease or inflammation of the skin. These can develop as dry flaky rounds or itchy and red rashes. [Skin Rash Types]
Bacteria, viral illnesses, fungi, yeast, and parasites cause skin infections.
The most common skin infections are cellulitis, erysipelas, and impetigo (pyoderma).
Cellulitis is a dangerous spreading skin infection that starts developing as a skin disease with swelling, pain and redness.
This generally affects the deeper layers and is usually caused by S. aureus and a group A streptococcus. In children, Haemophilus influenzae type B causes this infection.
It is found that painful and fastly growing area of redness on the skin that surrounds with a broken skin is the main indication of cellulitis. Mostly, the lymph nodes near the infection area become expand and red streaks may appear away from the infected area.
Erysipelas is a type of cellulitis, a bacterial skin infection of the top layers of the skin. This infection can develop among children and adults.
The most common cause of this skin disease in adults is Group A streptococcal bacteria whereas Hemophilus influenza bacteria is the most common cause in children.
Erysipelas appears as a dark red, swollen, warm, shiny patch with noticeable borders. It mostly develops on the face; however, it also appears most commonly on the lower extremities where lymphatic system obstructs.
Impetigo is another common transmittable skin infection caused by streptococcus and staphylococcus. This infection mostly develops in young children. It develops mostly on exterior body parts such as the hands, feet, and legs.
It appears as reddish sores that generally blister to produce a yellow-brown fluid, which dries and forms a thick, honey-colored layer. These sores usually cause itching.
Impetigo spreads easily due to warm temperatures, poor hygiene, wetness, and packed living environment. Impetigo, similar to cellulitis and erysipelas, can be treated easily, but needs a careful physician’s attention.
The skin infection can spread easily among people by sharing belongings such as towels, bed linens, or clothes. It can also develop with the exposure of affected skin to aqueous environments. Even contaminated objects can spread infections to the skin.
Usage of immunosuppressive or corticosteroid medications also increase the chances of developing skin infections.
Skin redness or inflammation that rapidly grows in size and extends as well characterizes the skin infections. You may also experience burning sensation over the affected area.
The person may also suffer with fever, muscle pains, nausea and vomiting, frequent urination at nights (nocturia). Sometimes, burning sensation also occurs while urinating.
The skin infections can be treated easily with several methods. The removal of foreign organisms from the body is most essential task in treating these infections.
It can be treated with an antibiotic ointment by applying four times a day. Even, antifungal medications help treat skin infections. Antibacterial soaps, and systemic antibiotics also control skin infections.
Also, apply warm, moist compacts or compresses to the affected areas, as it helps the body to fight against the foreign organism infection by improving the blood supply to the tissues.