Researchers have revealed the therapeutic role of sweat glands in a recent paper publication in theAmerican Journal of Pathology.
The research was conducted at the University Of Michigan Health System.
Sweat Glands and Their Physiology
Human skin is enriched with countless sweat glands that were until now considered to be responsible for keeping the body cool. But scientists have now found that they also perform another vital function of healing wounds.
This is a very important finding given that bodily wounds inflicted by diseases such as diabetes, ulcers and bedsores have a long recovery period and can almost be considered as non-healing wounds.
Treating these chronic wounds escalate the government spending on social health services. The scientists at the University of Michigan have now identified a key process that aids closure of wounds. Until now, it was believed that hair follicles generate new skins cells from the edges of the wound.
But it is now found that new skin cells grow from the base of the wound. This pointed to another possibility that sweat glands may be harboring stem cells which would aid and hasten the process of wound healing.
Hence the scientists came up with the idea that harvesting adult stem cells from the sweat glands could lead to new therapies in the treatment of injuries and wounds that are hard to heal through conventional methods of treatment.
Future of Stem Cell Research
The reason for not being able to discover this potential of the sweat glands is that only human beings have eccrine sweat glands. They are not present in any of the laboratory animals used or studied for wound healing properties. The regenerative property of our sweat glands is probably the best kept secret of our body. Further research in this direction will definitely lead to bigger solutions in the field of regenerative medicine.