Skin infections affect a majority of the world’s population, and can be caused by a number of things such as bacteria, viruses, yeast, and fungus.
There are also a range of pharmaceutical and alternative medicines that can cure common skin infections, or be treated with over time. If you think you have a skin infection, you should see a doctor immediately to prevent any further complications.
Here is an introduction to some of the most common skin infections:
1. Bacterial skin infections are caused by the Streptococcus pyogenes and the Staphylococcus aureus types of bacteria. Furthermore, other factors such as a low immune system, other skin disease, poor hygiene and minor trauma can also cause these infections to occur.
Two types of bacterial infections occur: bullous and nonbullous. The nonbullous type of skin infection is more common and characterized by pustules on reddened skin which erupt, leaving a yellow colored crust.
These also occur more frequently on extremities and the face. The bullous type is exhibited by flaccid bullae with a yellow crust and clear honey colored fluid inside.
Other types of bacterial skin infections include folliculitis, carbunculosis, ecthyma, cellulitis, and necrotizing fasciitis.
2. Fungal skin infections often affect the skin, nails, and hair as the bacteria involved have a high affinity for body areas with high keratin content. Most fungal infections are caused by the 3 types of bacteria: Epidermophyton, Microsporum, and Trichophyton.
These organisms are usually found in soil, infected humans, and animals.
Common types of fungal infections include Athlete’s Foot, tinea capitis, tinea corporis, and tinea crusis. Other types of fungal infections include candidiasis and tinea versicolor.
3. Viral skin infections are caused by exposure of mucosal surfaces or abraded skin with infected persons. Different types of viral infections have their own set of treatment, and you should consult with a doctor right away if you suspect you may have any. Common viral skin infections include herpes simplex, herpes zoster, warts, and molluscum contagiosum.
4. Parasitic skin infections are caused by an infestation of mites called sarcoptes scabei. They commonly affect children 2 years old and below but can also affect adults.
These are transmitted through skin contact (even in hospitals), shared clothing, shared bedding, sexual contact, and household contact. Pets with scabies can also transmit these parasites onto humans.
Symptoms of parasitic infections are usually severe itching, which can worsen at night and during incubation period of eggs.
In children, the infection shows up in the face, scalp, and hands, while in adults they generally occur in the breast, genitalia, waistband, and gluteal crease.
Another type of common skin infection is called the rash. A rash is characterized by an outbreak or red bumps, which can be widespread or localized. They can also be itchy or make the skin tender and scaly.
In any case of skin infections, it is never recommended to self-diagnose as this can more often than not cause harm than good. Consult your physician or dermatologist immediately for treatments.